Petroleum Products

    Petroleum



Is a naturally occurring, yellow-to-black liquid found in geological formations beneath the Earth's surface, which is commonly refined into various types of fuels. Components of petroleum are separated using a technique called fractional distillation.
It consists of hydrocarbons of various molecular weights and other organic compounds. The name petroleum covers both naturally occurring unprocessed crude oil and petroleum products that are made up of refined crude oil. A fossil fuel, petroleum is formed when large quantities of dead organisms, usually zooplankton and algae, are buried underneath a sedimentary rock and subjected to both intense heat and pressure.
Petroleum has mostly been recovered by oil drilling (natural petroleum springs are rare). Drilling is carried out after studies of structural geology (at the reservoir scale), sedimentary basin analysis, and reservoir characterization (mainly in terms of the porosity and permeability of geologic reservoir structures) have been completed. It is refined and separated, most easily by distillation, into a large number of consumer products, from gasoline (petrol) and kerosene to asphalt and chemical reagents used to make plastics and pharmaceuticals. Petroleum is used in manufacturing a wide variety of materials, and it is estimated that the world consumes about 90 million barrels each day.
Concern over the depletion of the earth's finite reserves of oil, and the effect this would have on a society dependent on it, is a concept known as peak oil. The use of fossil fuels, such as petroleum, has a negative impact on Earth's biosphere, damaging ecosystems through events such as oil spills and releasing a range of pollutants into the air including ground-level ozone and sulfur dioxide from sulfur impurities in fossil fuels. The burning of fossil fuels plays the major role in the current episode of global warming. 

Petroleum products:

Bitumen Grades:
  •       Cutback Bitumen
  •       Penetration bitumen
  •       Viscosity bitumen
  •       Oxidized bitumen

Bitumen Products:

Bitumen

Types Of Bitumen?
Bitumen Uses?
Properties of Bitumen?
Bitumen is black material that is consumed from 4000 years B.C. Its previous Latin name was PIXTU-MEN and these days bitumen and Asphalt is used as its name. Its main usage is in roads and streets, asphalt and insulation. One in all the kinds of bitumen that is employed additional is refined bitumen made in refineries. Additionally, a form of tar is made from coal. There are natural bitumen mines in nature which need to be refined. Bitumen are divided into 2 main teams in usage: paving grade and roofing grade. With chemicals, bitumen components are divided into 2 teams of Hydrocarbure, Asphalting, and Maltin. There's 5-30% Asphalt in in bitumen that causes the hardness of the bitumen. Maltin is created of grease and rosin.  The heaviest derivative that is separated from crude oil within the vacuum distillation unit is that the residue of the vacuum distillation that is briefly referred to as "vacuum bottom" or VB. This residue is that the main feed for the bitumen manufacturing unit. During this unit, v.b is oxidized using air. Oxidation continues as long because the feed reaches normal properties of bitumen like the penetration range and softening purpose (melting temperature). Since the temperature of bitumen is increased in oxidation method, the output of reactor passes through a cooler so is sent to storage tanks. By regulating operational variables like the temperature of reactor, residence time within the reactor, and also the ratio of air to feed it'll be possible to supply totally different grades of bitumen for various consumptions like road and industrial types. Moreover, adding some proper additives permits the United States to supply changed bitumen like polymer changed bitumen (PMB) that is very resistant in heavy traffic and bad climatic conditions. Another bitumen product is bitumen emulsion that is bit by bit subbing cutbacks for its environmental privileges as well as energy consumption savings.
Bitumen Grades
Bitumen is available in a variety of grades. Specifications vary to meet the needs of the consuming industries and are based on a series of physical tests that define the safety, solubility, physical properties and durability of bitumen. The physical properties are designed to define performance characteristics that are required under the climatic and loading conditions that the bitumen will experience in service. Bitumen are graded according to standardized testing methods. These tests also give rise to two commonly used terms which describe the method of measurement, rather than a “type” of bitumen:
  • Cutback Bitumen 
  • Penetration Graded Bitumen
  • Viscosity Graded Bitimen
  • Oxidized Bitumen
Penetration Bitumen grades are available:
Bitumen  60/70 80/100 85/100 40/50 90/130 and 160/220 is black semi solid heavy hydrocarbon which is the last product of extract tower which by cool down of ambient temperature will convert to solid. With increase of temperature the bitumen will become semi solid and then liquid. Main content of bitumen us hydrocarbon with high molecular weight contenting oil, resin and asphalten.

Packing of bitumen:


Bitumen manufacturing process:
Bitumen is produced from selected crude oils through a process of fractional distillation. The crude oil is heated to temperatures of between 300 and 350 degrees Celsius and fed into a distillation column, allowing the lightest fractions of the crude to separate, through vaporization, from the heavier fractions, which remain liquid. The higher boiling point fractions are then drawn - off via a heat exchanger and enter a vacuum distillation column. This process produces a short residue that is used to manufacture several grades of Iran bitumen. The pressure and temperature conditions within the vacuum process will determine the hardness of the short residue, and as such the grade of Iran bitumen produced. The short residue may be further modified by air blowing in which air is passed through the residue at temperatures of 250 - 300 degrees Celsius.

Oxidized Bitumen

Oxidized Bitumen
What is Oxidized bitumen(Blown Bitumen)?
Oxidized bitumen constitutes one among the foremost cheap film-forming materials to use in coating compositions, and has found widespread use in various sorts of paints, cements, pipe coatings, metal primers, and similar compositions. Modify bitumen has various edges over several altogether completely different bituminous materials to use in such compositions visible of the temperature standing, toughness, abrasion resistance, and weathering properties of the applied films. However, modify bitumen have one determined disadvantage to use in coating compositions; considerably, its tendency to provide solutions of the undesirably high body, or solutions that tend to extend in body on aging. These undesirable body characteristics more pronounced in some solvents than in others, and are significantly unhealthy among the case of the additional volatile crude solvents. The initial high body of modify bitumen solutions is, of course, undesirable, visible of the subsequent low solid content of solutions having viscosities sufficiently low for an application by the while a substitute for slightly of the latter, with a none substantial increase in body of the answer.
Blown Asphalt Grades
Blown asphalt in various types and grades as I, II, III including low, medium and high softening point with different penetration and hardness. The blown asphalt types including soft grade as 75/25, 85/25, 95/25, 90/40 also medium grade blown asphalt 90/10, 90/15 and hard grade, including Blown Asphalt 115/15, 110/15, 105/5, 105/15, 105/35 and special ultra blown grades 150/5.
Petroleum air blown asphalt
All Petroleum air blown asphalt based products, refined from blowing hydrocarbon with special attention to temperature and pressure of blowing tower. We export all blown grade of bitumen, including air Blown Asphalt 115/15 and 150/5 for soft grades at 75/25.
Blown asphalt packing
We are manufacturing all grades of blown asphalt in various packing as below: Blown asphalt packed in 25 or 50kg meltable polyamide bag. The melting temperature of the bag is 160~180C. Blown asphalt packed in 25 or 50Kg Craft bag. The size of the bag is 90x40cm and easily palletized 1 ton on wooden pallet. Blown asphalt packed in carton mold. It is easy to handle and safe for shipment. Blown asphalt packed in 185Kg new steel drum. Normally low softening point blown asphalt pack in the drum. Blown asphalt in bulk. The bulk shipment could be a tanker, ISO tank and vessel.
Blown asphalt production capacity 
We are Manufacturer of Oxidized bitumen, Minimum order quantity of blown bitumen is 1x20ft and able to deliver 3000MT monthly. We are providing blown asphalt in various grades including blown asphalt 115/15, 95/25, 85/40, 90/40, 85/25, 150/5 blown asphalt or hard asphalt and any other asphalt types III 3 of blown asphalt according to order. Throughout the world, more than 7 types of bitumen that is produced depend on the type of weather conditions one of them is blown asphalt.
Application of blown asphalt
Blown asphalt grades are suitable for sealing saw cuts and joints where there is expected to be the minimum amount of moving in the joint. Their wide temperature range prevents bleeding in high temperature applications. Blown asphalt can also be used in industrial applications like roofing, flooring, mastics, pipe coatings, electrical applications.
Blown asphalt is an aesthetic adhesive substrate for asphalt membranes. Metal and concrete protective coating under atmospheric conditions. Blown asphalt is used for coating of pipelines. Blown asphalt is impregnated of coating of papers and boards. Bonding agent for tiles and mastic also bonding agent for cork plates and adhesive for roofing felts. The Blown asphalt is adhesive for laminated boards for protection for electrical wires.
Blown asphalt usage:
  • Sealing of expansion joints.
  • Repair of joints or cracks.
  • Fixation of parquet floors.
  • Adhesive to be used in thermal insulation.
  • Various industrial uses.
  • Repair of unexposed cracks.
  • Bonding of wet briquettes.
  • Use as sealing of electrical junction boxes.
General description of Oxidized Bitumen 115/15
Oxidized bitumen 115/15 is a semi solid oxidized grade of pure petroleum bitumen categorized in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and oxidized bitumen normally used for different purposes in the construction business.
Blown asphalt 115/15
Blown asphalt 115/15 is air blown asphalt and producing by several methods by high temperature and pressure. Eagle Petrochem has a high tech system that changes down risk of high pressure and temperature and blowing the asphalt in very short time and by this patent increase asphaltene content quickly by adding an additive into an asphalt emulsion system under ultrasonic. This type of blown asphalt 115/15 has various usages including gel type asphalt for encapsulation of hazardous material and metal surface. Blown asphalt 115/15 is containing: 1. Saturates 2. Aromatic 3. Resin 4. Asphaltenes Since containing above material there is special properties of thermoplastic, adhesion, resistance to water and acid, alkalis.
Bonding bitumen compound grade 115/15
The bonding bitumen compound is available in grade of 115/15 shape of bitumen blocks and using for joint seal also fixing bitumen roll sheet in case of damage or torn also adhesive of building material in different layer.
General description of Oxidized Bitumen 95/25
Oxidized bitumen 95/25 is a semi solid oxidized grade of pure petroleum bitumen categorized in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is normally used for different purposes in the construction business.
Uses of oxidized asphalt 95/25
Application of Oxidized bitumen is as below:
Oxidized Asphalt 95/25 uses in the chemical, fuel, paints, lacquers, varnishes, paper-pulp-board, textile processing, road construction, pavement, crack seal and repairmen, civil works, roofing, construction industries; sealing and insulating buildings, adhesive, construction materials additive, dust-binding, coating, insulating and impregnating agent, make rubber and plastic products. The Blown Asphalt 95/25 products are for paving, roofing; also used in asphalt based paints for corrosion protection of metals, on lining public works structures, adhesives in electrical laminates, base for synthetic turf; typical uses for oxidized asphalt 95/25 include roofing, pipe coating, Portland cement pavement, hydraulic applications, paint manufacturing.
Guaranty/warranty of blown bitumen 95/25
We guarantee the quality of blown bitumen 95/25 with arrangement of international inspector to check the quality and quantity of the bitumen on each shipment during the loading to vessel and controlling the production by QC team via batch test report before shipping. We guarantee the quality to meet with ASTM/EN 13304:2009.
General Description of oxidized bitumen 85/25
Oxidized bitumen 85/25 is a semi solid oxidized grade of pure petroleum bitumen categorized in polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons is normally used for different purposes in the construction business.
Uses of oxidized asphalt 85/25
Oxidized asphalt 85/25 uses in the chemical, fuel, paints, lacquers, varnishes, paper-pulp-board, textile processing, road construction, pavement, crack seal and repairmen, civil works, roofing, construction industries; sealing and insulating buildings, adhesive, construction materials additive, dust-binding, coating, insulating and impregnating agent, make rubber and plastic products. The blown asphalt 85/25 products are for paving, roofing; also used in asphalt based paints for corrosion protection of metals, on lining public works structures, adhesives in electrical laminates, base for synthetic turf; typical uses for oxidized asphalt 85/25 include roofing, pipe coating, Portland cement pavement, hydraulic applications, paint manufacturing.

Paraffin wax

Paraffin Wax is a white or colorless soft solid derivable from petroleum, which can be processed and achieved in a wide range of physical and chemical properties, using different refining methods. Paraffin waxes are mostly graded according to the oil content, ranging from around 0.5% to above 20%. The change in oil content can lead to different physical and chemical behaviours of paraffin wax.
Paraffin Wax Properties:
Paraffin wax is mostly found in two types of Fully-refined and Semi-refined, with a typical melting point between about 46 and 68 °C (115 and 154 °F), and a density of around 900 kg/m3. It is insoluble in water, but soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected by most common chemical reagents but burns readily. Its heat of combustion is 42 kJ/g. Paraffin wax is an excellent electrical insulator, with a resistivity of between 1013 and 1017-ohm meter.
Paraffin wax is also an excellent material for storing heat, with a specific heat capacity of 2.14–2.9 J g−1 K−1 (joules per gram kelvin) and a heat of fusion of 200–220 J g−1. Wax expands considerably when it melts and this allows its use in wax thermostatic element thermostats for industrial, domestic and, particularly, automobile purposes.
Paraffin Wax is the primary and the main product. Ranging in different grades, Galaxy Energy is specialized in Semi-Refined Paraffin Wax, which is applicable in industrial circumstances, and offers the product in different qualities.
Paraffin wax is most commonly related to candle creating, however, it's also helpful for applications like making: wax paper, drywall, electrical insulators, and acting as a base for medicinal ointments. In its liquid type, paraffin wax acts as fuel and lubricant.

Slack Wax

 
Slack Wax is the feedstock for paraffin, which is a mixture of oil and wax. It is a by-product derived in the process of producing Lube cut. During paraffin wax production, Slack wax is feuded into the system as raw material which is finally processed into different grades of Paraffin Wax after performing the refining processes, defiling and bleaching. The oil extracted during the defiling process, is a by-product called ‘residue wax’ (aka Foots Oil). Slack wax is naturally brown in color, ranging from 4% oil content to more than 35% generally,
Types of slack wax:
There are two types of Slack wax: Light Slack Wax and Heavy Slack Wax, which can result in several types of paraffin wax applicable in various industries. Usually Light Slack wax is processed for production of fully-refined paraffin wax which can be used in cosmetics and food industries. Yet, Heavy Slack Wax is usually processed into semi-refined paraffin wax that contains higher weight percentage of oil in it and is applicable in candles, rubbers, adhesive and hot melts, inks, industries. Slack wax is feedstock for Paraffin Wax and Residue Wax. Although Slack Wax is more of a wax material than a product to the company, yet Galaxy Energy Co. can provide several types of slack wax for their customers upon their request.

White Spirit



Mineral spirits (US) or white spirit (UK), also known as mineral turpentine, turpentine substitute, petroleum spirits, solvent naphtha (petroleum), varsol,generically, "paint thinner", is a petroleum-derived clear liquid used as a common organic solvent in painting and decorating.
A mixture of aliphatic and alicyclic C7 to C12 hydrocarbons, white spirit is used as an extraction solvent, as a cleaning solvent, as a degreasing solvent and as a solvent in aerosols, paints, wood preservatives, lacquers, varnishes, and asphalt products. In western Europe about 60% of the total white spirit consumption is used in paints, lacquers and varnishes. White spirit is the most widely used solvent in the paint industry. In households, white spirit is commonly used to clean paint brushes after use, to clean auto parts and tools, as a starter fluid for charcoal grills, to remove adhesive residue from non-porous surfaces, and many other common tasks.


The liquid bulk container is best solutions for white spirit transportation needs. We provide intermodal supply white spirit according chain management and unrivalled door-to-door logistical services to our clients. The one tank container can deliver 26000 litters for 20′ containers volume of white spirit product is about 20 670 kg.


Benefits of delivery white spirit in tank container:
  • White Spirit is sealed and there is no risk of contamination
  • Simpler up loading / unloading of white spirit
  • Big volume of one container
  • Working volume used to the maximum
Steel Drums
The steel drums are one of the popular packing for white spirit and used as shipping containers. International standard size: Standard drums have inside dimensions of 22.5 inches (572 mm) diameter and 33.5 inches (851 mm) height. These dimensions yield a volume of about 13,320 cubic inches, but they are commonly filled to about 200 litters or 160 kg. The one 20′ container included 12.8 ton of white spirit.


Benefits of delivery white spirit in steel drums:
Most popular packing for white spirit delivery
Recommended for chemical products (dangerous goods)
Ability to re-use
High strength
Based on our experience and partner in the market we can immediately inform you of the best way to get your white spirit on me and in cheapest shipping cost.
Rubber Process Oil


Rubber processing oil is an oil composition which has a kinematic viscosity at 100 °C of from 32 to 50 cSt and which contains less than 3%. polynuclear aromatic compounds is employed as a process oil for rubber compounds, especially aromatic rubbers. The process oil is compatible with aromatic rubbers but contains less toxic polynuclear aromatic compounds than conventional aromatic rubber process oil. Rubber products of acceptable quality are produced using the said oil composition. There is tree type of rubber process oil.
Types of rubber process oils
Rubber Process Oils are specially developed taking into consideration the type of rubber and the end product Applications. The range of them are broadly divided in following Three categories.
Rubber process oil, both synthetic and natural are commercially used to Produce products from rubber bands to a toy to the giant tires for various vehicles including aircrafts. Rubber Process Oils are used during mixing of rubber compounds. These help in improving the dispersion of fillers and flow characteristics of the compound during further processing.
Aromatic types
The primary Characteristics of aromatic Hydrocarbons are the presence of the double bonded mix ring carbon structure.
Naphthenic types
Naphthenic are a class of hydrocarbons also referred to as ‘cycloparaffins’. Though their structure is similar to the aromatic ring, these are single bonded thus having a stable structure
Paraffinic types
This class of hydrocarbons constitutes branched chain or straight linked hydrocarbon molecules of various viscosities. As the chain length increases, the viscosity increases and the rubber process oil becomes more viscous.
AROMATIC RPO
Aromatic extender oil well-known according to its viscosity which meet ASTM D-445 and Kinematic viscosity of transparent and opaque liquids HS code 27079900 it has different grades famous as high(heavy), medium, low(light) viscosity, TDAE, MES and DAE. The primary characteristics of aromatic hydrocarbons are the presence of the double bonded mix ring carbon structure. Aromatic furfural extract rubber process oil (RPO) procured from selected refineries and suitably blended to meet
stringent specifications, are used for compounding batches to manufacture tires, lactic, automotive tires and tubes, bi-cycle
tires, tire re-treading materials, belting, hoses, battery casings and containers, extruded products, technical molded goods and rubber articles with reclaim rubber due to high solvency., calendared and molded sheets, Tread rubber TDAE oil. Also, process oil (furfural extract) has a color stability, solubility and good thermal stability makes RPO ideal for molded articles, slippers, LPG tubes, floor tiles, etc.
PARAFFINIC RPO
Paraffinic process oil well-known per its viscosity which meet ASTM D-445 with HS code 27079900. This class of hydrocarbons constitutes branched chain or straight linked hydrocarbon molecules of various viscosities. As the chain length increases, the viscosity increases and the rubber process oil (furfural extract RPO) becomes more viscous. They find extensive usage in Butyl rubbers. Paraffinic process oils with high viscosity and high flash point is better shelf life of the product. Because paraffinic Furfural extract has higher viscosity and paraffinic content are preferred for achieving high retention of properties after ageing and higher loading of oil in applications like heat resistant / steam hoses and conveyor belts
NAPHTHENIC RPO
Naphthenic are a class of hydrocarbons also referred to as cycloparaffins. Though their structure is like the aromatic ring, these are single bonded thus having a stable structure. Several such hydrocarbon rings may be linked indicating a variety of available grades. Naphthenic rubber process oil has unique color stability, solubility and good thermal stability makes them ideal for molded articles, slippers, LPG tubes, floor tiles, etc






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